As things stand at present, the EES will be operational from 2021.
To third-country nationals, visa-required and visa-exempt travelers in the Schengen area.
Following data will be stored:
Each data record resembles an electronic stamp and thus replacing the previous manual stamping procedure.
This data is usually stored for three years; if a traveller extends their visit without permission, their data could be stored for up to five years.
It is accessible to Migration offices, border guards and – under certain circumstances – general law enforcement authorities and Europol staff
A facial image is taken of each third-country national (including, for example, infants). Fingerprints may only be registered from the age of 12.
No, national authorities must determine for each border crossing point whether facial images or fingerprints are to be used as the primary biometric feature for identification.
The German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) has published various technical guidelines in the area of biometrics and eIDs. With regards to EES the following two technical guidelines are of particular importance.
Both technical guidelines are available as download (free of charge) on the BSI website.
Another technical guideline is currently in the works: BSI TR-03156 Public Sector Identity Management in Conjunction with European Registers and Border Control.
With regards to biometric quality, ISO/IEC 19794-5 (Facial image) and NFIQ 2.0 (Fingerprint image) are relevant.